Tsar Nicholas II and the Dumas
August 23, 1988

The Duma was introduced after public harassment of the Tsar by the people, and it was included in the October Manifesto. It provided for an elected representative government, and all political parties were allowed in. The State needed the Duma's approval before any new laws were passed, and the Tsar could appoint and dismiss ministers willy-nilly. He still had a huge amount of power. The Duma was so long coming because Nicholas's tutor had instilled in him autocracy and anti-change feeling.